- 1.1 Sources of Information
- 1.2 The structure of the University
- 1.3 Governance and administration of the University
- 1.4 University finances
- 1.5 Libraries and Museums
- Appendix: structure of the University
1.1 Sources of Information
Most of the first section of this handbook is designed to provide a very brief introduction to the University of Oxford. Comprehensive information about places to visit in and around the city, about museums and libraries, and details of useful addresses, (government departments, sports clubs, theatres, etc.) may be obtained from the Oxford Information Centre in Broad Street (Tel.: 01865 726871), during normal office hours.
The Central Library in the Westgate (Tel.: 01865 815509) also holds a selection of guide books on Oxford including The Oxford Book of Oxford and Oxford, both by J. Morris.
1.2 The structure of the University
All those members of staff for whom this handbook is intended are employed by the University (formally by 'the Chancellor, Masters, and Scholars of the University of Oxford') rather than by colleges. But since it can be difficult to understand precisely what 'the University' consists of, it may be helpful for you to know a little of its structure and of the relationship, for instance, between the functions of the colleges and those of the University.
1.2.1 The University and the colleges
Oxford University in the popular and wider sense of a loose federation of strong mutual interests embraces both (1) the central decision-making bodies and the departments and libraries, and (2) the colleges. Almost all the undergraduate colleges originated in the halls which grew up around the medieval university, and they have retained their status as self-governing, independent corporations, with their own constitutions and sources of income. They select and tutor their own undergraduates and employ their own support staff and academic staff, the latter largely in collaboration with the University. More recently, a number of graduate colleges have been established and all of the thirty-eight colleges and private halls - each with its own buildings and grounds - also provide residential and social facilities for their students and staff.
The University exists at the centre of this complex structure. In addition to conducting degree examinations and other activities demanding a consistency of treatment, the University has responsibility for maintaining libraries and laboratories, and providing central services such as computing facilities. It arranges the provision of these facilities by departments and other institutions, a full list of which may be found in the University Calendar. Each department or institution has its own staff; and, in the case of academic staff, most are also fellows of colleges.
1.2.2 The Oxford Medical School
Oxford is a modern medical centre, yet, as one of the oldest medical schools in Europe, it bears the traces of influences extending back to the Middle Ages. The University has been involved in the teaching of medicine and the awarding of medical degrees since the thirteenth century. The main part of the Oxford Medical School is based at the John Radcliffe site of the Oxford Radcliffe Hospital NHS Trust (ORH), with teaching and research also being carried out at the other hospitals in the city. The clinical course follows on from the pre-clinical course which, if taken at Oxford, is based in the pre-clinical departments within the University's Science Area.
1.3 Governance and administration of the University
The University is self-governing, making Statutes and Regulations for its own governance (subject in certain cases to the approval of her Majesty The Queen in the Privy Council). Although departments of the University are administratively and financially autonomous having their own administrative structure under the head of department or institution, they operate within general policy laid down at university and divisional level.
Council is the executive body of the University and is responsible for the administration of the University and for the management of finances and property. Its powers and functions are set out in the University's published Statutes and Regulations. The 26 members of Council consist of the Vice-Chancellor, the Chairman of the Conference of Colleges, the Proctors, the Assessor, 10 elected members of Congregation, 5 Heads of Division, 2 external members nominated by Council subject to the approval of Congregation and one member elected by the Conference of Colleges, and up to three co-opted members.
Congregation is the deciding voice on important matters such as changes in the University's constitution and major new university policies. Congregation is the supreme governing body, which mainly consists of the members of the faculties, the members of the governing bodies of the colleges and other societies (except the Permanent Private Halls), and all those working in any university department or institution who hold posts on Administrative, Senior Library, Museum, and Computing Staff Grades 3 and above, on Research Staff Grades 2 and above, and on any other equivalent academic-related grades. Details of eligibility can be found in Statute IV, Sect. 3.
Congregation's business consists of considering the Statutes or resolutions put to it by Council, and electing members of Council and certain other university bodies. Procedures for raising issues at congregation can be found on the governance website. Congregation is required to approve nominations for the appointment or reappointment of the Vice-Chancellor. It has the standing to discuss or to ask questions about the Vice-Chancellor's Annual Oration and the University's Annual Report. It is also formally the body which confers degrees of the University (including honorary degrees proposed to Congregation by Council).
Responsible now only for the election of the Chancellor and the Professor of Poetry and consists of all those holding a degree of the University of Oxford.
The Vice-Chancellor is elected to hold this full-time office for five years with the possibility of a further two and is the Chief Officer of the University. He or she is the chairman of Council and normally of any other committees of which he or she is a member and presides over Congregation (except on formal occasions, when the Chancellor presides).
1.3.5 Pro-Vice Chancellors
There are five, normally full-time, Pro-Vice-Chancellors with responsibilities respectively for Academic Matters, Research, Planning and Resource Allocation, Development and External Affairs, and Personnel and Equal Opportunities. In addition, there are up to six other Pro-Vice-Chancellors who deputise for the Vice-Chancellor on formal occasions such as degree days and university sermons.
1.3.6 Committee structure
Council operates through four main committees. These are as follows:
- Educational Policy and Standards Committee - responsible for the educational standards, philosophy, and policy, liaising with the Oxford colleges.
- General Purposes Committee (GPC) - responsible for the long-term strategic development of the University nationally and internationally, and relations with government bodies and external bodies. It also recommends appointments to other committees by Council.
- Personnel Committee - responsible in light of employment legislation and other requirements for development and review of policy on personnel matters, for example recruitment and selection, staff development and training, equal opportunities, salaries and conditions of service. In addition it oversees employment relations issues and makes recommendations on complex appointments.
- Planning and Resource Allocation Committee - responsible for the maintenance of a five-year rolling plan for all aspects of academic, academic services, and other activities of the University, and for the review of the overall financial position of the University and in particular, resource allocation procedures, student numbers and fees and research policy.
In addition there are several other committees reporting directly to Council.
1.3.7 Divisional Boards
Divisional Boards have responsibility under Council (subject to plans, policies, and guidelines set by Council) for dealing with the academic, financial, IT, resource, and staffing plans and policies for each division, and for the divisions' relations with the colleges, Continuing Education, and external funding agencies. These divisions are as follows:
1.3.8 Faculties and Sub-Faculties
There are seventeen faculties, comprising all the holders of academic posts whose duties include research or teaching, together with any other persons made members by the divisional or faculty board concerned on account of work being done by them in Oxford in the relevant subjects. Many of the faculties are divided into sub-faculties. The faculties or sub-faculties meet at least once a term to consider the lecture list, and other matters relating to teaching syllabuses. Nine faculties also have faculty boards, elected by them, to exercise academic supervision over these activities, under the relevant divisional board.
1.3.9 Academic Services
These services (such as libraries and museums) are overseen by representative over-arching committees, all chaired by the Pro-Vice-Chancellor (Academic Services and University Collections) who has an integrative role across the sector. There are also separate boards of visitors or committees for individual museums.
1.3.10 Other Key University Officers
Proctors and Assessor - the two Proctors (Senior and Junior) and the Assessor are appointed in an annual cycle which ensures that each college or other society in turn elects one of these officers (the current cycle is printed at the beginning of the University Calendar). They are non-voting members of many of the main university bodies, and have the right to see the papers of and attend any other university body. The Proctors see that examinations are properly conducted and have a general disciplinary function in relation to students. The Assessor takes a special interest in student welfare, and chairs a number of committees responsible for the award of bursaries etc.
Registrar - appointed by Council, he or she is the principal adviser on strategy and policy to the Vice-Chancellor and Council, and formally the Secretary to Council and all its Committees. Ensures decision-making and governance systems work effectively and is responsible for central administrative services and their development.
Academic Registrar and Secretary of Faculties - he or she is responsible to the Registrar for the Academic and General Division of the University administration. This division is divided into four sections; Divisional offices, Academic Policy Support, Planning and Resource Allocation and Student Administration. Through this structure the section provides support for two major committees of Council (Education Policy and Standards Committee and the Planning and Resource Allocation Committee), for the academic divisions and faculty boards and for functions such as the exam schools, the Graduate Studies Office and student records.
Director of Finance and Secretary of the Chest - the Secretary of the Chest is the Chief Financial Officer for the University with direct access to the Vice-Chancellor and Council on financial, technical, and professional matters. He or she is responsible for advising committees and officers on financial policies and planning; for the provision of financial information and management for budget holders, and for ensuring that adequate financial controls are in place. He or she is also Head of the Finance Division within Central Administration which includes the Land Agents Office and Purchasing.
Director of Estates - he or she is Head of the Estates Directorate of Central Administration, which includes Security Services. In the role of Director of Estates he or she acts as the executive officer to the Buildings and Estates Sub-Committee and is responsible to the Sub-Committee for estates strategy and space planning, the management of all building works and the maintenance of the functional estate.
Director of Personnel and Related Services - he or she has responsibility for the people-related functions of the University, including Personnel Services, the Equality and Diversity Unit, Childcare Services, the Occupational Health Service, the University Safety Office, and the University Club.
Director of the Safety Office - he or she is responsible for all safety matters relating to the Health and Safety at Work Act 1974. Advice is provided to all academic departments and institutions of the University, as well as service sectors such as the Estates Directorate, the Superintendent of Parks, the Land Agent, etc. The Director is responsible for the provision of a radiation protection advisory service, food safety advice, advice on environmental protection legislation, including all matters relating to hazardous wastes, fire safety advice, safety aspects of all building plans and advice on the design of new and refurbished facilities.
Director of the Occupational Health Services - he or she provides expert advice to university bodies on matters relating to occupational health, including occupational physician input to and assessment of cases, statutory health surveillance, incidents and outbreaks, hazard/risk assessment associated with work. The Director is responsible for developing policies, guidelines and strategy for the University.
Director of Management Information Services - he or she is responsible to the Registrar for the introduction, management and ongoing development of all major business systems.
Director of Legal Services - he or she is responsible to the Registrar for the provision of legal advice and services to the University and its departments, including the procurement of external legal advice as appropriate.
Director of Research Services - he or she is responsible to the Registrar for the running of the Research Services office. This office is concerned with research grant and contract administration, the proper costing, pricing and submission of all research grant and contract applications, intellectual property policy and protection, and administrative interaction with all university research sponsors.
Head of Council Secretariat - he or she reports to the Registrar and is responsible for all secretariat services to the University Council, plus a range of Council committees, the Equal Opportunities team, Data Protection issues, Freedom of Information issues and certain ethical and other policies.
1.3.11 Conference of Colleges
The Conference of Colleges, comprising two representatives of each college (often the Head and the Estates Bursar) acts as a forum for discussion amongst the Oxford colleges. It is also an important channel for communication between the colleges and the central University. It has a number of standing committees, including the Academic Sub-committee, the Admissions Committee (at Oxford, undergraduate admissions are the responsibility of the colleges, not the central University), and the Finance and General Purposes Committee. The Chairman of the Conference and a second representative (normally the Vice-Chairman) are members of Council, and there are representatives of the Conference on many of the other main university bodies.
1.4 University finances
Each department or institution operates on annual grants fixed centrally, the finance coming from the grant the University receives from the Higher Education Funding Council for England (HEFCE). In addition, an increasing amount of income is received for specific projects from research councils and other outside organisations. Income is also received from tuition fees and research training support grants.
1.5 Libraries and Museums
The Libraries Committee considers all matters relating to the provision and co-ordination of library facilities in the University. It also exercises financial supervision over a group of 12 of the University's major libraries, comprising the three central research libraries (Ashmolean, Bodleian and its dependent libraries, and the Taylorian) and 11 faculty-type libraries.
The University has many libraries. In addition to the principal libraries listed below, there are departmental and faculty libraries. Enquiries about the use of university libraries should be addressed to the librarian of the institution concerned.
Bodleian Library, Broad Street. This includes the Old Library, the New Library and the Radcliffe Camera. There are also seven dependent Libraries:
- The Radcliffe Science Library, Parks Road
- The Bodleian Law Library, Manor Road
- Rhodes House Library, South Parks Road (Commonwealth History)
- The Indian Institute Library, Broad Street
- The Bodleian Japanese Library, at the Nissan Institute, Winchester Road
- The Oriental Institute Library, Pusey Lane
- The Philosophy Library, Merton Street
- Taylor Institution Library, Broad Street
- Ashmolean Museum of Art and Archaeology, Beaumont Street
- Bate Collection of Musical Instruments, Music Faculty, St Aldate's
- Museum of the History of Science, Broad Street
- Pitt Rivers Museum, South Parks Road
- Oxford University Museum of Natural History, Parks Road