Employing Bulgarian and Romanian nationals

Restrictions no longer apply

Restrictions on Bulgarian and Romanian nationals' rights to work in the UK ended on 1 January 2014. As a result Bulgarian and Romanian nationals are exempt from immigration control, can work in the UK without restrictions like other EEA Nationals, and can present their passport or national identity card to satisfy a right to work check.


There is currently no requirement for EU nationals to register for any documentation to confirm their status in the UK, however, in light of the uncertainties about Brexit those who want to apply for documentation confirming their status could consider the following options:

  • Those who have worked in the UK for less than 5 years can apply for a Registration Certificate
  • Those who have worked in the UK for at least 5 years have a permanent right to reside and can apply for a Permanent Residence Certificate
  • Those who have worked in the UK for at least 6 years are eligible to apply for British citizenship (but must obtain a Permanent Residence Certificate first), as are children born in the UK whose parent(s) have Permanent Residence.

Years spent carrying out other activities in the UK can also be relied on, such as those spent as a student as long as comprehensive medical cover was held. Family members of EU nationals who have been working and/or studying here should also be eligible to apply under these routes.

Bulgarian and Romanian nationals can rely on time in the UK before their countries joined the European Union and when employment restrictions applied after joining.

For more information see the University’s Oxford and Brexit dedicated site for Brexit news, information and academic analysis, and Information for EU staff page which provides a video podcast of an information session along with the presentation slides and a Q&A.

The Staff Immigration Team provide guidance on the requirements, and application process, for EEA Registration Certificates and Permanent Residence but are not in a position to check applications.